Chicago Firsts

28 02 2012

Chicago Firsts

The nation’s first skyscraper, the 10-story, steel-framed Home Insurance Building, was built in 1884 at LaSalle and Adams streets and demolished in 1931.
When residents were threatened by waterborne illnesses from sewage flowing into Lake Michigan, they reversed the Chicago River in 1900 to make it flow toward the Mississippi.
Start of the “Historic Route 66” which begins at Grant Park on Adams Street in the front of the Art Institute of Chicago.

Chicago was the birthplace of:
the refrigerated rail car (Swift)
mail-order retailing (Sears and Montgomery Ward)
the car radio (Motorola)
the TV remote control (Zenith)

The first self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction, ushering in the Atomic Age, took place at the University of Chicago in 1942. The spot is marked by a Henry Moore sculpture on Ellis Avenue between 56th and 57th streets.
The 1,450-foot Sears Tower, completed in 1974, is the tallest building in North America and the third tallest in the world.

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